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Editions of O Evangelho Segundo O Espiritismo by Allan Kardec
These data, according to the authors, bring espiritizmo to the action of high doses of intra-uterine androgens. Besides a semistructured interview, other self-assessment instruments were used: Turner s Syndrome implies the absence of the second feminine chromosome XOwherein female hormones are not produced and gender identity is feminine.
In accordance with the Cognitive Model, around the age of eleven years and coinciding ssegundo endocrine changes, gender identity is consolidated by the formation of logical thinking operations and abstract reasoning Gooren, Stoller points to a feminine mother who at the time of birth, or a little later in infancy, becomes separated, physically or psychologicallyfrom her daughter, frequently because of an emotional illness, such peyit depression; and to a masculine father, who however is psychologically absent in at least two areas: The incidence and prevalence of transexuality are also presented.
After defining the concept of transexuality and its diagnostic criteria, other behavioral patterns frequently confused with transexuality are discussed. Stoller s third point is that the nature of feminine transsexuality is of a different nature as that of its masculine counterpart. According to Lief s Sexual System it is understood that sexual being incorporates various subsystems which interact in a dynamic fashion.
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According to Zarzuela in psychological gender is formed by endogenous factors symbolized by somatic components genetic, endocrinological and morphologicaland by exogenous factors symbolized by the social and environmental factors parents, school, family, friends.
Based on his own results Money braved the hypothesis that such a process as the acquisition and formation of gender identity could be compared with that of language acquisition Money, Nevertheless effective evidence is clinical. All the answers must be written in Leia mais. Gender identity represents the jointure of various elements, biological, biophysical, intra-psychic, parental and social, throughout the various stages of the individual s development.
Individuals with this disturbance are not comfortable when observed by others, nor in functioning in society as a member of the sex by which they were designated at birth. These girls prefer boys as friends, sharing with them interest in sport, aggressive play and traditionally male games. Certain other elements, such as clothing and toys, as well as signals emitted by the opposite sex, will also contribute to identification Allen Gomes, According to this author in 44, true espiritiemo feel that they belong to the other sex, desire to function as members of the opposite sex and not merely to look like them.
Surgery For the procedure of sex reassignment to take place it is necessary that GID has been diagnosed, confirmed by an independent clinical team and a surgery recommendation by the Psycho-Medical-Surgical team.
Some may refuse to go to school, or social events, where such clothing has to be worn. After undergoing surgery, transsexuals undergo change at anatomical level, in their relationship with themselves and with others, in their social status, but their sexual orientation is presumed as stable. Comece com o principal banco de dados open source do mercado Portuguese Edition Click here if your download doesn”t start automatically MySQL: Both the researcher and the Chairman of this Dissertation Committee were deeply involved, as consultants, in the genesis of this new Law.
It is an archaic anguish of the same type as psychotic anguish, and in this context it may be considered as a psychotic prelude or as a defence against a global psychological drowning. Guia Colorido Para Diagnostico. Benjamin transformed transexuality into an autonomous entity, different from psychoses and perversions. At the age of seven months and due to a surgical accident one of the boys had to undergo the amputation of his penis.
They are thus forced to deal with their Oedipus conflict using techniques that avert epsiritismo imagined castration. The same correlation between male behavior and androgens is also established by Gooren e Kruijiver Inthe Hirschfeld Institute of Sexual Science, in Vienna, presents the first sex change operation in a biological male. Incomplete treatment abandonment of the sex reassignment process ii. Dorner in 99, in his studies of hormone- dependent brain differentiation concludes that human sexual behaviour disturbances may be partly due to discordance between genetic sex and corresponding levels of sexual hormones at the moment of pre-natal brain differentiation.
GID does not contemplate a child s non-conformity with stereotyped gender roles, as for example in the case of girls considered as tomboys, or boys with sissy behaviours. According to Silveira Nunes,in female TS what emerges is espiritissmo constellation practically inverse to that found petiit male TS, in as much as the mother is considered weak or depressed and the father as active or at times even brutal.
According to Money s modelin of the sequential development and gender identity differentiation, the necessary and complex integration of so many biological, psychological and social determinants must necessarily offer points of vulnerability of various kinds to the impact of pathogenic factors, themselves also of various kinds the behaviour of others may contribute to the establishment of identity and accordingly it can be expected that the style of treatment used by society, and more evangrlho by the parents, in educating the child, may assume a pathogenic influence Silveira Nunes, They prefer boy s clothing and short peit, being frequently taken for boys, by strangers; they may even ask to be called by a male name.
The Real-Life Experience requires that the person adopts the clothing, a name and a social role, all in accordance with the desired gender. To make a diagnosis there must be clear evidence of clinically significant suffering or impairment in social, or professional functioning, or in other evangwlho areas of life Criterion D.
A person s segunro cannot evagelho just the remit of a balance; it is rather the result of juxtaposition of a series of elements: Still yet in this context, men are better able than women to successfully overcome such barriers Stoller, Within a medical context, psychodynamic therapy aimed at trans tried to solve the underlying psychodynamic conflicts and behavior therapy tried to recondition behavior with the aim of reducing crosssex behavior and increasing the comfort with the gender attributed at birth.
Their imaginary heroes are frequently powerful male figures, such as Batman or Superman. Various hypothesis have been considered such as the interaction between brain development and sexual hormones or changes in chromosomes, molecular genetics, gene behavior, prenatal sexual hormones, pre natal maternal stress, maternal immunization, neurological processes, pheromones, anthropometric and neuroanatomical bases.
And if so, dvangelho are the changes? This latter conception seems more in consonance with the semiological variety encountered and also with the concepts of primary espiritisko secondary TS.
To identify the characteristics of the personality profile and structure, clinical psychopathological symptoms, and the level of social adaptation at the Moment of Clinical Evaluation for diagnosis confirmation. Silveira Nunes states that sex is much more than gender identity; it is also, body, fantasy and behavior; thus un coordination of these vectors may potentate vulnerability TS. All these factors act in synchrony, complementing each other.
If dysphoria is present in someone with fetishitic transvestism, but who does not meet criteria for GID, then the specification With Gender Dysphoria may be added. The evolution of the very concept of transexuality enables us to observe the complex divergence of opinion and of unknown factors. Stoller further defines three very important concepts. Transexualism is the expression of the real individual self an uncommon disorder wherein an anatomically normal person feels as a member of the opposite sex and consequently wishes to change sex, although fully conscious of the real biological sex Stoller, They avoid violent and competitive sports and show little interest in cars, trucks or non aggressive, but typically male toys.
From the beginning of the 90 s there has been considerable expansion on research of the biological mechanisms subjacent to psychossomal differentiation.